Types Of Tea

Types of Tea 

Tea has been taken for hundreds of years and is one of the healthiest beverages on the market.

Coffee is the drink most people consume in most of the Western world at the moment, tea dominates the Eastern part of the world.

We will now look at types of tea and their health benefits they can give you.

If you’re looking for information on a particular tea please visit the website www.teasenders.com, you can use the information below to get an understanding of the various teas available. If you’re new to tea and what it can do for you then keep reading.

Types of Tea

First of all, it’s important to note that  “tea” all comes from the same plant; the Camellia sinensis.

The classification of this tea depends on how the plant’s tea leaves are prepared and processed.

There are five teas;

  • Black tea
  • Green tea
  • Oolong tea
  • Pu-erh tea
  • White tea

However, nowadays it is not only these traditional teas that enjoy popularity.

There is a huge range of herbal drinks made from flowers, herbs and so on.

Although they are not from the tea plant it is the name by which most people know them.

For this reason, this article will include them in the tea varieties, including the five true teas.


Black Tea


Made with the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant, black tea is a true tea.

It’s also one of the most popular teas drunk in many the world, particularly so in Great Britain and Ireland. In fact, The British drink approximately 165 million cups of black tea every single day.

Due to the slightly bitter and astringent taste, most people enjoy the tea with a small amount of milk and sugar.

How Are Black Teas Different To Green Tea?

There are some slight differences between green and black tea; the main one is that black tea requires a longer production process.

While tea leaves are heated immediately in the process of making green tea, leaves for black tea are dried in the sun first.

The sun-dried leaves are then rolled to break their cells, which causes the leaves to oxidize faster when they are exposed to oxygen.

This exposure takes place in hot rooms this will accelerate the oxidation process of the tea leaves, and this will turn them a dark red/brown color. At this point, the tea is heated to stop the oxidation.

Black tea has and a lot of research done on it, and they have discovered that it can reduce blood pressure, lower type 2 diabetes risk, and lower cholesterol levels.



Chai Tea

Chai is a combination of black tea, steamed milk, and various Indian herbs and spices.

These spices typically include cinnamon, cardamom, cloves, and ginger, among others.

Depending on the specific tea and spices used, the flavor of chai tea can vary a lot.  But it’s generally creamy, a little spicy, and it has a comforting feeling when you consume it. The tea is sold on the streets in India by the tea sellers.

That being said, the health benefits chai tea can be a positive way to improve health.


Chai tea will provide much of the same benefits as black tea, with the high polyphenol content of the spices an added bonus.


Chamomile Tea


Chamomile tea comes from the edible flowers of Matricaria chamomilla plant, otherwise known as chamomile.

This herbal drink has a reputation for being a good bedtime beverage, and it is claimed it helps to relax our body and mind.

This is one of the most popular types of herbal tea and its a mild bitterness with a light, floral, and slightly sweet taste.

Research into chamomile shows that it has lots of function as a relaxant, and it also shows promise for helping to treat anxiety.

Also, controlled trials suggest that chamomile can help people to overcome sleep quality issues.

Green Tea

This is a true tea and one which has lots of evidence-based health benefits.

Green tea originated in China over 400 years ago. While black tea is the popular choice in the Western world, green tea dominates the Far East, especially in Japan, China, Taiwan.

There are many different varieties of green tea, some of which we will feature on our website www.teasenders.com . The more popular kinds include Sencha, Hojicha, and matcha.

Green tea is extremely healthy, and it is one of the most research-backed beverages in the world.

Specifically,  reviews demonstrate that regular green tea consumption can help with weight loss and can reduce cancer risk, reduce blood pressure, reduce insulin resistance, and increase glycemic control.

A lot of these beneficial properties come from the catechin content of green tea, which is a type of polyphenol.


Hibiscus Tea

Otherwise known as Agua De Jamaica, hibiscus is a tea made from the dried petals of the roselle flower.

Resembling the flower’s color, hibiscus tea is a dark red, and it has a slightly sour flavor and a flowery smell.

One of the reasons for the sour taste is the high acid content of hibiscus, with the tea containing malic, tartaric, citric, and ascorbic acids. In fact, the composition of hibiscus tea is 24% acidic.

Hibiscus supplies some wonderful nutritional properties too, and it is a great source of vitamin C and a variety of anthocyanin polyphenols.

A wealth of compelling study shows that hibiscus tea is effective at reducing blood pressure.


Matcha Tea


Matcha is a kind of premium Japanese green tea.

To make the drink, only the finest shade-grown tea leaves are picked, and then carefully ground into a fine powder.

Matcha is extremely popular in Japan, where people tend to drink it in its pure form. The drink has a strong, bitter, and grassy taste.

However, lots of people will mix with large amounts of sugar and steamed milk to make green tea latte style drink or even iced matcha.


The benefits of regular green tea apply to matcha, but we can expect to get the best of these benefits.

The reason for this is that we are actually consuming the leaves rather than just steeping them in water.

 

Oolong Tea

Oolong is another of the real teas; it comes from the leaves of the camellia sinensis plant.

But just what is oolong tea and how does it compare to green and black teas?

Firstly, oolong is a partially oxidized tea – it undergoes part of the same process as black teas.

Depending on the degree of leaf oxidation, it may taste closer to a green or black tea.

Oolong has a lot of the benefits that green and black teas provide, and it contains a range of polyphenols found in both.

Adult trials and systematic studies demonstrate that oolong can lower blood-glucose levels and improve the cholesterol level .



Pu-erh Tea

Pu-erh tea (also pu’er) is one of the five real teas.

It is also a fermented drink. Similar to red wine or kombucha, pu-erh contains lots of live (beneficial) bacteria.

This is due to the production process that takes place; the processing of the leaves allows for microbial fermentation. As a result, the tea continues to age and change even after drying the tea leaves.

Pu-erh is a Chinese drink and it has the local name of ‘heicha’. Generally speaking, the taste is more bitter than standard tea, although it does become milder over time.

Traditionally, green pu-erh tea is the preferred choice and it has been around for centuries. However, making pu-erh from black tea has become popular over the last few decades. Pu-erh has an equivalent caffeine content to whatever type of tea it is made from.

Randomized controlled trials demonstrate that pu-erh tea can improve health markers in patients with metabolic syndrome .

is a herb that comes from the pau d’arco tree.

These trees grow in the Amazon rainforest and the inner bark (taheebo) contains a variety of phytonutrients.

The tea is also rather tasty, and it has an interesting fruity/herby flavor that is hard to describe.

That said, be careful of claims relating to cancer.

A quick search for pau d’arco brings up all kind of results suggesting it’s an alternative “cancer-fighting” therapy.

However, this borders on pseudoscience since there are no controlled studies in humans that provide evidence for this.



Rooibos Tea

Rooibos (pronounced “roy-boss”) is one of the most popular types of tea.

Otherwise known as ‘red bush’, the tea originates in South Africa where it has been popular for hundreds of years.

People generally consume the drink in a similar way to black tea; some prefer it (red) and others add some milk and/or sugar.

Rooibos has an interesting taste, With hints of fruity, spicy, and nutty. For those sensitive to caffeine, rooibos has the benefit of being caffeine-free.

Studies on the drink show some incredible health benefits too. First of all, rooibos contains various phenolic compounds such as flavanones and flavones.

Additionally, randomized studies show that rooibos  will reduce cardiovascular risk. Daily intake of the tea may also be of benefit to other organs.



Sencha Tea

Sencha is a very popular variety of Japanese green tea.

Unlike matcha tea, sencha is grown under the sun, and we drink it by making an infusion from the whole tea leaves.

In Japan, it is one of the most popular  types of green tea, and it has a relatively mild flavor and a bold green color.

Like all green teas, sencha is full of polyphenols – especially catechins.

In fact, compared to other types of green tea, sencha contains the highest amount of these compounds .




White Tea

If black is the strongest of the true teas, then white is the mildest.

It  will also be a good option for those looking for a low caffeine beverege, since it only contains about 25%s much caffeine as coffee.

White tea comes from the camellia sinensis plant and it uses the freshest leaves available.

Firstly, tea leaves are picked at a younger age when making white tea.

And they don’t undergo processing such as rolling or oxidation, which leaves them with a mild and light taste and wonderful aroma.

Despite these differences, the nutritional profile and polyphenolic content of both green and white tea is similar .




So the best tea is?

The best tasting tea is a subjective opinion, so it will vary from person to person.

However, my personal favorites are  Sencha & Oolong tea.

If you’re looking for the most health benefits, then stick to the “real teas” – black, white, green, pu-erh, and oolong.

These five have large amounts of study behind them, and in terms of health benefits, they are the most proven of teas.